Best Places To Explore Ancient Egypt

Best Places To Explore Ancient Egypt. Ancient Egypt grips the imagination, touches the soul and inspires the uninspired. You simply can’t escape over 7000 years of historical influence Ancient Egypt enjoys.

The legacy of Ancient Egypt, with names like Ramses, Nefertiti and Tutankhamen and places like the Great Pyramids of Giza and the Sphinx echoes in art, literature and popular culture.

Temple of Horus in Edfu

Best Places To Explore Ancient Egypt
Temple of Horus in Edfu
The well preserved Ptolemaic Temple of Horus is the second biggest temple in Egypt. Second only to the Temple of Karnak in sheer size, the temple was one of the last attempts by the Ptolemaic dynasty at building in the style and grandeur of their predecessors.

Construction on the site took about 200 years. Well preserved hieroglyphs have shed light on the practices of the cult of Horus and associated temples. The temple is believed to have been built on the site of the great Horus-Seth battle.

The Egyptian Museum

Best Places To Explore Ancient Egypt
The Egyptian Museum
No Egypt tour is complete without a visit to the Egyptian Museum in Cairo. With over 120,000 artefacts, the museum houses an unbelievable exhibit depicting ancient Egypt's glorious reign. Mummies, sarcophagi, pottery, jewellery and of course King Tutankhamen's treasures, it's all there. The boy-king's death-mask - discovered in its tomb - is made of solid gold and it has been described as the most beautiful object ever made.

Giza Plateau

Best Places To Explore Ancient Egypt
Giza Plateau
Located just outside of the outskirts of Cairo on the esplanade known as the Giza Plateau, the Great Pyramids of Giza is the must-see Ancient Egyptian landmark. Known as Khufu's Pyramid, it is the greatest pyramid of the complex: a truly overwhelming sight.

Being one of the seven wonders of the ancient world, it is the only one still standing to this day! When gazing at this colossal structure, there's no way to escape the feeling of being dwarfed.. The two smaller - but still huge - pyramids in Giza are those of Khafre and Menkaure.

A few steps to the east you will notice three small (20 m high) piles of rumble: the queens' pyramids, tombs of Khufu's wives and sisters. Nearby, on the Giza Plateau, you'll also find the Great Sphinx and the Solar Boat Museum. The site is also where the Sound & Light Show at Giza takes place, and where every newcomer to Egypt experiences Giza camel rides for the first time.

Serabit el Khadem Temple

Best Places To Explore Ancient Egypt
Serabit el Khadem Temple
On the western side of the Sinai is one of the rare traces left by the Ancient Egyptians in the peninsula. The Serabit el Khadem Temple of Hathor is located in the rocky mountainous landscape among an ancient turquoise mine settlement which provided the pharaohs with beautiful stones used to make ornaments, jewelry, and blue paint.

You can see the huts of the miners, and the engravings they left on the walls, including images of the ships that transported the stones to the Nile Valley. Reaching the temple is an adventure; you will enjoy a 4X4 safari to get to the site, followed by a short hike.

An example of how the pharaohs improved their structures throughout each dynasty, it is a beautiful and fascinating site with a stunning backdrop.

Temple of Dendera

Best Places To Explore Ancient Egypt
Temple of Dendera
Walk by several Roman kiosks, pass through the colossal gateway of Domitian and Trajan that is surrounded by a massive mud-brick enclosure and enter into the cavernous hypostyle hall of Tiberius.

Visit the best preserved temple in Egypt. See vivid scenes that depict the Roman emperor Trajan paying homage to the Ancient Egyptian goddess Hathor and other mythical reliefs that adorn this gorgeous Graeco-Roman temple.

Dendera is located about 60 km North of Luxor on the west bank of the Nile, opposite the provincial modern town of Qena. Called Lunet or Tantere and considered as the capital of the 6th nome in Upper Egypt by Ancient Egyptians, it was also known as Tentyris to the Greeks.

Seti I Temple

Best Places To Explore Ancient Egypt
Seti I Temple
In a scenic location surrounded by palm trees sits the Temple of Seti I, constructed by Seti I, son of Ramses I, and father of Ramses II. Seti I was one of Egypt greatest rulers and builders; he constructed one of the land;s most magnificent temples at Abydos, and the Great Hypostyle Hall in Karnak.

The artwork and architecture commissioned during Seti;s rule is rich, no expense was spared and attention to detail is evident. Unfortunately he died before his temple was finished, and it was completed by his son Ramses II. The temple also includes a royal palace and a chapel for Ramses I.

The Temple of Kom Ombo

Best Places To Explore Ancient Egypt
The Temple of Kom Ombo
Dedicated to Sobek and Horus the Elder, the Temple of Kom Ombo has two identical entrances, hypostyle halls and sanctuaries. The symmetry of the temple layout is a tribute to the mythical link the two gods shared.

Built on an outcrop at a bend in the Nile where crocodiles used to gather in ancient times, the temple is a testament to the importance Ancient Egyptian priests placed in the natural cycles and crocodiles of the Nile.

Visit the temple to see mummified crocodiles, clay coffins and spectacular reliefs on the walls.The temple can be reached on your way from Luxor to Aswan on a Felucca ride or a Nile Cruise, or on a day trip from Aswan.

Tombs of the Nobles

Best Places To Explore Ancient Egypt
Tombs of the Nobles
The illuminated view of the northern hills of the west bank of the Nile is a truly magical one, not to be missed. From Aswan, you'll have front row seats to witness this particularly beautiful and inspiring panorama.

Aswan Souk

Best Places To Explore Ancient Egypt
Aswan Souk
Aswan Souk is a colorful bazaar that offers Egyptian and African goods. Locally known as Sharia as-Souq, it is the cheapest place to buy souvenirs in Aswan. Located about four blocks from the Nile and running about 7 blocks in parallel to the river, the bazaar has plenty of Egyptian and African goods.

Traders sell a wide variety of goods such as perfumes, peanuts, henna powder, dried hibiscus flowers, spices, T-shirts and custom made Ancient Egyptian styled souvenirs.; In side alleys you'll find traders selling Nubian artifacts such as skullcaps, talismans and baskets, Sudanese swords, spices and carpets, and stuffed animals such as crocodiles.

Temple of Philae

Best Places To Explore Ancient Egypt
Temple of Philae
Dedicated to the goddess Isis, the Temple of Philae is located in a beautiful setting, landscaped to match the original site of the temple when it was relocated by UNESCO after the building of the Aswan Dam threatened the site. The temple has several shrines and sanctuaries such as Trajan’s Kiosk or Pharaoh's Bed. Visit the temple at night to attend the Sound and Light show.

Temple of Kalabsha

Best Places To Explore Ancient Egypt
Temple of Kalabsha
Walk along an imposing stone causeway that leads from the banks of the lake to the first pylon of the temple, pass a colonnaded court and into the eight columned hypostyle hall. Note the hieroglyphs and the reliefs of Greek pharaohs paying homage to Ancient Egyptian deities.

Look for Mandulis, the god clad in the vulture feathered cloak. Built during the late Ptolemaic period and completed during the reign of the Roman emperor Augustus, the Temple of Kalabsha was dedicated to the Nubian god called Mandulis.

Graeco-Roman Museum

Best Places To Explore Ancient Egypt
Graeco-Roman Museum
Displaying a great collection of art and artefacts that date back to the origins and legacy of ancient Alexandria, the Graeco-Roman Museum has a neo-classical facade and the inscription-MOYXEION, which simply means museum in Greek.

With 27 exhibits that showcase Hellenic statues, busts of Roman emperors, sarcophagi , mummies, Tangara figurines and early Christian artefacts, the museum captures over 2000 years of Graeco-Roman history in Egypt.

Ain Um Dabadib

Best Places To Explore Ancient Egypt
Ain Um Dabadib
The stunning fortress of Ain Um Dabadib is an ancient high rise monument that sits below an escarpment but stands 220 meters above the desert floor. The fortress was occupied for thousands of years; scattered pots and ceramics that date back across Egyptian history can be found around the fort.

Bawati Museum

Best Places To Explore Ancient Egypt
Bawati Museum
Visit Bawati Museum - also know as the Antiquities Inspectorate Museum - to see the famous Greco-Roman mummies and their gold painted sarcophagi. Discovered in 1996, the mummies are a part of vast necropolis believed to contain more than 10,000 mummies. The mummies are decorated with ornate masks and jewelry. Note the life-like curly hair and eyelashes of some of the mummies.

Temple of the Oracle

Best Places To Explore Ancient Egypt
Temple of the Oracle
Located 4 km east of the present town of Siwa, the Temple of the Oracle is believed to have housed the famous Greek oracle of Jupiter Amun, to which Alexander the Great headed directly when he came to Egypt for the first time in 331 BC.

Reputedly, it is believed that the Macedonian leader asked the oracle if he was going to 'rule the world,' legend has it that the answer was 'yes, but not for very long.' The temple has a great vestibule and forecourt. Nearby, south of the temple, you can reach the temple of Amun which dates back to the 30th dynasty.

Catacombs of Kom el-Shouqafa

Best Places To Explore Ancient Egypt
Catacombs of Kom el-Shouqafa
Go down a winding stairway to see how deep the ancient Greco-Romans tunnelled into the bedrock. Initially built for a single wealthy family practicing a fusion of Ancient Egyptian, Greek and Roman religion; the Catacombs of Kom el-Shouqafa entombed over 300 mummies.

See bearded serpents crowned with the crowns of Upper and lower Egypt, the hovering solar disc above the archway and customary funerary deities joined with Greco-Roman motifs. The catacombs are monumental testament to the enduring myths of Ancient Egypt despite centuries of Greek and Roman rule.

Kom el-Shoqqafa means literally \"piles of shreds.\" It was discovered by pure chance in 1900 when a donkey drawn cart fell into a pit.

Villa of the Birds

Best Places To Explore Ancient Egypt
Villa of the Birds
Visit a Roman villa dubbed the 'Villa of the Birds' to see stunning mosaics of birds that adorn the walls and the floor. Located next to the Roman Amphitheatre of Kom El- Dikka, the villa is one the newest discoveries in Alexandria.

Alexandria National Museum

Best Places To Explore Ancient Egypt
Alexandria National Museum
Located close to the center of the city, the Alexandria National Museum nicely sums up the history of Alexandria in the three floors of the now renovated Italianate style Al-Saad Bassili Pasha Palace.

On your trip to this aged city wander through the beautiful palace and see the artifacts from the four main ages of Egypt: Ancient, Greco-Roman, Coptic, and Islamic, there is also an array of more modern items such as royal jewels and an interesting collection of antique coins.

Learn about the interesting history of Alexandria as you explore the different chambers which are colour coordinated to the period of their displays, and don't forget to get a camera permit at the door as there are some wonderful photo opportunities.

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