Best Places To Travel In Agra, India

Best Places To Travel In Agra, India. Agra is an ancient city on the banks of the River Yamuna. It finds mention in the Mahabharata but gained importance as the capital of the Mughal Empire from 1556 - 1658.

It is on the Golden Triangle tourist circuit with Delhi and Jaipur. It is famous for its Mughal architecture and for being home to one of the Seven Wonders of the World, the Taj Mahal - a monument of incredible elegance and architectural perfection.

Best Places To Travel In Agra

Agra has many other famous archeological sites and is famous for its marble inlay work and its leather industry that manufactures shoe uppers for some of the best shoe companies in the world.

Best Places To Travel In Agra, India
Taj Mahal
Agra is like a storybook city that unravels the history of the Moghul empire as you visit one archeological wonder after another. It has much more than the spellbinding Taj Mahal. Akbar’s citadel, Fatehpur Sikri takes you through the everyday life of the royals at that time. The Agra Fort is another fascinating site to visit. And don’t forget to buy the specialities, Petha and Dal moth.

Travel In Agra: Fatehpur Sikri

Fatehpur Sikri
The world heritage site was the first planned city of the Mughals ( Akbar -1556-1605), grandson of Babur, shifted his residence and court from Agra to Sikri, for a period of 13 years, from 1572 to 1585 to honour the Sufi Saint, Sheikh Salim Chishti, who resided here (in a cavern on the ridge).

Later, it had to be abandoned due to shortage of water. Some important structures here are Diwan-I-Am, Diwan-I-Khas, the private living quarters, Jodhabai’s Palace, Birbal’s Palace, Panch Mahal, Salim Chishti’s Tomb, Jama Masjid, Buland Darwaza, and many more.

Travel In Agra: Taj Mahal

Best Places To Travel In Agra, India
Taj Mahal
The Taj Mahal a marvel on marble was built by the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in commemoration of his favourite wife, Empress Mumtaz Mahal.

Shah Jahan married Arjumand Bano Begum (Mumtaz Mahal), grand daughter of Itimad-Ud-Daula, the Wazir (Prime Minister) of Emperor Jahangir in 1612 AD. Mumtaz Mahal died in 1631 A.D. at the birth of her 14th child.

The grief stricken emperor made all efforts in building the tomb in her memory, which is universally acknowledged as one of the most beautiful creations on earth. Artisans were requisitioned from all over the empire including Central Asia and Iran.

While bricks for the internal framework were locally made. White marble for external surfaces was brought from Makrana, Rajasthan. The inscription on the northern facade records 1057A.H. (1647A.D.) as the date of its completion in 17 years.

It is believed that Ustad Ahmad Lahori was the chief of the project while Ustad Isa Afandi prepared the site plan of the Taj Mahal. Amanat Ali Khan Shirazi is known for his calligraphic work and Ran Mal was the garden designer from Kashmir.

The plan of Taj Mahal display strict bilateral symmetry. The central point is the tomb (rauza) and its four minarets, flanked by a mosque and assembly hall (Mehman Khana) The Taj is exactly as wide as it is high (55mtrs).

A highlight of the monument is the exquisitely carved pietra dura inlaid with semi precious stones. The colour of the translucent marble keeps changing from dawn to midnight giving it a magical aura in keeping with Shah Jahan’s vision that the tomb and garden should represent paradise on earth.

It is a unique man made manifestation of the glorious Mughal age and a wonder of the world.After his death in 1666 A.D., Shah Jahan was also buried beside his beloved wife in the Taj Mahal.

Travel In Agra: Firozabad

It is an important handicraft and industrial centre famous for glassware, specially glass bangles and cut-glass articles.

Travel In Agra: Keetham Lake

Keetham Lake
It is a scenic lake, located within the Surdas Reserved Forest (Sur Sarovar Bird Sanctuary). It is a bird sanctuary that is home to nearly two dozen species of migratory and resident birds. There is a big lake and many man-made islands that add to the beauty of this quaint getaway for the adventure-loving traveler.

Travel In Agra: Ram Bagh

Ram Bagh
It is one of the earliest Mughal gardens, built by Emperor Babar for his daughter Zahra. Originally called Aram Bagh, the name was later changed to Ram Bagh under the Marathas when they occupied Agra from 1775-1803 AD.The Ram Bagh is said to have been constructed by Babur.

It is commonly believed that when Babur died in 1530 his mortal remains were temporarily kept in Chaubureja a place close to Itimad-ud-Daula tomb till these were taken for the final resting place at Kabul. The original name of the bagh was Aram Bagh, which was later corrupted to Ram Bagh under the Marathas, when they occupied Agra from 1775 to 1803 AD

Travel In Agra: Radhasoami Samadhi

Radhasoami Samadhi
Radhasaomi Samadhi is the headquarters of the Radhasoami sect. The holy ashes of the founder of the faith have been preserved here. It is a tribute to the founder of Radhasoami faith. Devout followers of this faith believe that service to the community purifies the soul.

At Soami bagh their services bear fruit in an edifice as spectacular as the Taj built in white and coloured marble. The Radha Soami temple is being continuously decorated for more than 100 years now and exhibits an extra-ordinary feast in stone and gems.

Travel In Agra: Chini-Ka-Rauza

The mausoleum of Shahjahan's prime minister and Persian poet Afzal Khan Aalmi known as ‘Maula Shukrullah, Shirazi’ was built in 1635. It exhibits fine use of glazed tiles, originally an exotic Persian art style, which finds itself a home in Agra.

Travel In Agra: Agra Fort

Agra Fort
A massive red-sandstone fort located on the banks of River Yamuna was built under the commission of Emperor Akbar in 1565 and was further built by his grandson Shah Jahan. The fort, semi circular on plan, is surrounded by a 21.4 m high fortification wall.

The fort was built primarily as a military structure; parts of it are still reserved under Indian Army. Later on, it was transformed it into a palace, it also became a gilded prison for eight years after his son Aurangzeb seized power in 1658. The fort houses a maze of buildings, including vast underground sections.

The Amar Singh Gate to the south is the sole entry point. A path leads straight from here up to the large Moti Masjid. Just before this is the open Diwan-e-Aam, where Shah Jahan listened to people’s petitions or issues.

A small staircase just to the left of Diwan-e-Aam throne leads up to a large courtyard. To the left is a beautiful white marble Nagina Masjid.Nagina Masjid is a beautiful mosque located in Agra Fort.

It is located near Moti Masjid. This mosque is constructed with pure white marble and has a beautifully designed prayer chamber. The Mosque built in the north-western corner of the Machchi Bhawan was meant for the personal use of the Emperor.

It has a marble paved court enclosed by walls to the north, south and east and the prayer chamber on the west. The prayer chamber is also made up of marble and has three domes on its top.

The mosque has a three-arched fa├žade with the cusps and supported on slender piers as its entrance. The arch in the middle is larger and has nine cusps and ones on the either sides have seven cusps only.

Other places to see within the Fort are Diwan-e-Khas - which once housed Shah Jahan’s legendary Peacock throne and the diamond Koh-I-Noor, Shish Mahal- a palace with walls inlaid with tiny mirrors, and Khas Mahal - the white octagonal tower and palace. In the South of the fort, there is a huge red-sandstone Jahangir’s Palace, built by Akbar probably for his son Jahangir.

Travel In Agra: Jama Masjid

Jama Masjid
It was constructed in 1648 AD by Shahjahan’s daughter, Jehanara Begum. It is located near the iconic Agra Fort. It is one of the largest mosques built by the Mughals in India and is of a special importance due to the assimilation of Iranian architectural elements.

Travel In Agra: Itimad-Ud-Daulah’s Tomb

Itimad-Ud-Daulah’s Tomb
Built by Nur Jahan, in memory of her father Ghias-ud-Din Beg, who was conferred the title ‘Itimad-ud-Daulah’ meaning ‘Pillar of the Government’. It is the first tomb to be built in white marble instead of red sandstone. It marks the departure from the red sandstone buildings of Mughal architecture.

Travel In Agra: Mariyam’s Tomb

Mariyam’s Tomb
It is located to the west of Akbar’s Tomb, Sikandra and houses the mortal remains of Mariam Zamani, a Rajput Princess of Amber (Jaipur), wife of Emperor Akbar and the mother of Jehangir.

Travel In Agra: Mehtab Bagh

Mehtab Bagh
The garden complex, situated on the opposite bank of the Taj Mahal, is also known as the moonlight garden. Excavations here have provided ample evidence of a garden complex.

Travel In Agra: Sikandra

The resting place of the Mughal Emperor Akbar, it lies on the outskirts of Agra city. The emperor had built the tomb and laid out a beautiful garden, in his own lifetime.

It represents his philosophy and secular outlook, combining the best of Hindu and Muslim architecture in a superlative fusion. Completed in 1613 A.D., it is one of the well-preserved monuments in the area.

Travel In Agra: Van Vihar Wildlife Sanctuary

Van Vihar Wildlife Sanctuary
This picturesque forest reserve spread over 52, abounds in Tigers, Deer: Sambar, Chital, Nilgai, and Sloth Bears.

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