Best Places To Travel In Kolkata, India

Best Places To Travel In Kolkata, India. Kolkata, or Calcutta as it was formerly called, is the present capital of the eastern state of West Bengal and one of the most densely populated cities in India.

Best Places To Travel In Kolkata, India
Murshidabad
Kolkata became a British trading post in the last part of the 17th Century. The city that once served as the showpiece capital of the British power in India is noted for its colonial buildings including the grand Victoria Memorial.

Other important sights include the Howrah Bridge, an engineering marvel that links the city and Howrah Station, and the Indian Museum. Gateway to eastern India and home to prominent intellectuals, the city is known for its easy pace and intellectual prowess.

Best Places To Travel In Kolkata

Kolkata is a city of colonial architecture, museums, art galleries, traditional food, temples, music and theatre. It is an amalgamation of traditional and modern.

It is famous for its theatre and films. It is the land of Rabindranath Tagore and the sound of Rabindra Sangeet can be heard from every house. It is a shopper's delight for embroidered linen, kantha embroidery, cotton and silk sarees.

Travel In Kolkata: Dakshineswar Temple

Best Places To Travel In Kolkata, India
Dakshineswar Temple
A true devotee of the Goddess Kali, the Hindu Goddess of 'Shakti', Shri Ramakrishna Paramhansa had made this his home. Considered to be among the holiest of Hindu temples, the Dakshineswar Temple is visited by thousands of pilgrims from all strata of society.Best time to visit: Winter: October-April

Travel In Kolkata: Gangasagar

Best Places To Travel In Kolkata, India
Gangasagar
Gangasagar or Sagar Island is an island in the Ganges Delta, lying on the continental shelf of Bay of Bengal about 100 km (54 nautical miles) South of Kolkata.

The island is large - with an area of 224.3 km. Gangasagar is a charming tourist destination, which attracts both pilgrims and adventure lovers. Located in the Sunderbans, Gangasagar offers the charms of an un-spoilt beach on an estuary of the river Ganges.

Gangasagar offers acres of silver sand and clear blue skies, and the calm sea for visitors who would like to spend their weekend relaxing. Also known as Sagardwip, Gangasagar is still quite unexplored and therefore unexploited.

The island of Gangasagar is one of the most famous Hindu pilgrimage centres in India. Every year on Makar Sankranti (mid-January), pilgrims from all over India, gather at Gangasagar for a holy dip at the confluence of the River Ganga and the Bay of Bengal.

After the holy dip, pilgrims offer 'Puja' at the Kapil Muni Temple. On the occasion of Makar Sankranti, the GangasagarMela is organized on this island, which is one of the biggest fairs in West Bengal.

Travel In Kolkata: Jorasanko Thakur Bari

Best Places To Travel In Kolkata, India
Jorasanko Thakur Bari
The Jorasanko Thakur Bari in Jorasanko, north of Kolkata, is the ancestral home of the Tagore family. It is the house in which the poet and first non-European Nobel Laureate Rabindranath Tagore was born.

It is also the place where he spent most of his childhood and died on 7 August 1941. The house has been restored to reflect the way the household looked when the Tagore family lived in it and currently serves as the Tagore museum for Kolkata.

Travel In Kolkata: Digha

Best Places To Travel In Kolkata, India
Digha
Digha is West Bengal's most popular sea resort and tourist spot located Southwest of Kolkata. It is 187 km from Kolkata and described as the 'Brighton of the East', it is best for known as a small destination known for its sea-side tranquil.

Digha has a low gradient with a shallow sand beach with gentle waves that extend 7 km in length. Mandarmani is a seaside resort village in East Medinipur district and at the northern end of the Bay of Bengal. It is one of the large and fast developing seaside resort village of West Bengal.

It is almost 180 km from Kolkata Airport on the Kolkata - Digha route. Red crabs crawling around the 13 km long beach is a special attraction of Mandarmani. It is argued to be the longest driveable (drive in) beach in India. Geomorphologic-ally, this area has relatively low waves than nearer tourist beach of Digha.

Travel In Kolkata: Alipore Zoological Garden

Best Places To Travel In Kolkata, India
Alipore Zoological Garden
The Alipore Zoological Garden first opened its gate on the 1st of May, 1876 and since then has remained an absolute favorite of children and adults alike.

It spreads on an area of 18.11 hectares and there are many animals, reptiles, primates and birds at the Zoological Garden, Kolkata. However, the most popular ones are the Bengal Tiger, White Tiger, African Lion, Giraffe, Zebra, Galapagos Giant Tortoise, Pelican, Pheasant, etc.

Travel In Kolkata: Writers Building

Best Places To Travel In Kolkata, India
Writers Building
Writers’ Building located at BBD Bagh (Dalhousie Square) is known for its stunning architecture and design. It is the Secretariat of the West Bengal Government today.

Travel In Kolkata: Sagardwip (Sagar Island)

Set in a spectacular landscape, Sagardwip is a site of immense significance for spiritual seekers. Popularly known as Gangasagar, it sits at the confluence of the Ganga and the Bay of Bengal.

Every year, around Makar Sankranti, celebrated in January, this quant pilgrimage town is at its exuberant best as Gangasagar Mela, one of the largest religious gatherings in the country, is held here.

This must-see fair, a riot of faith, worship, colours, rituals, and celebration, is attended by millions of devotees who take a holy dip in the waters and pay homage to the nearby Kapil Muni Temple. For tourists, the lighthouse at Sagardwip, offering a stunning view of sunrise and sunset, makes a visit here so desirable.

Travel In Kolkata: Kalighat Temple

Best Places To Travel In Kolkata, India
Kalighat Temple
Kalighat is one of the important pilgrim centres for the worshippers of the Mother Goddess.There is an interesting legend behind the formation of Kali Temple, which suggests that when Lord Shiva was furiously performing his dance (Pralay), keeping the corpse of Goddess Kali on his shoulders, his spinning wheel sliced off her dead body.

Her body slices fell off at different points, where pilgrimage centers were formed later on. Kalighat temple is one such pilgrimage spot, where a toe of her right foot had fallen.

Travel In Kolkata: Victoria Memorial

Best Places To Travel In Kolkata, India
Victoria Memorial
The monument which draws the largest crowds to Kolkata is the Victoria Memorial, dedicated to the memory of Queen Victoria.

It houses an excellent collection of British Raj memorabilia including paintings and manuscripts. The foundation stone of this domed structure was laid by the then Prince of Wales (later King George V) in 1906.

Travel In Kolkata: Ramakrishna Mission Vivekananda University

Best Places To Travel In Kolkata, India
Ramakrishna Mission Vivekananda University
Ramakrishna Mission Vivekananda Educational and Research Institute is a Deemed-to-be-University that is administered by the Ramakrishna Mission. It has five campuses in Belur (Main Campus), Kolkata, Coimbatore, Ranchi and Narendrapur.

Ramakrishna Mission Vivekananda University provides courses on subjects as varied as rural and tribal development, disability management and special education, fundamental science education and Indian cultural and spiritual heritage.

Travel In Kolkata: Missionaries of Charity’s Mother House

Best Places To Travel In Kolkata, India
Missionaries of Charity’s Mother House
This is where modern Kolkata’s most famous resident St. Teresa of Calcutta spent most of her life. It houses the headquarters of the Missionaries of Charity and the tomb of St. Teresa.

Travel In Kolkata: Belur Math

Best Places To Travel In Kolkata, India
Belur Math
Belur Math or Belur Muth is the headquarters of the Ramakrishna Math and Mission, founded by Swami Vivekananda, a chief disciple of Ramakrishna Paramahamsa. It is located on the west bank of Hooghly River, Belur, West Bengal.

The serene campus of belur math on the Ganga includes temples dedicated to Sri Ramakrishna, Sri Sarada Devi and Swami Vivekananda, in which their relics are enshrined, and the main monastery of the Ramakrishna order. The place has been sanctified by the stay of Swami Vivekananda and most of the monastic disciples of Sri Ramakrishna who spent several years here.

Holy Mother Sri Sarada Devi also visited this place on several occasions. The room in which Swamiji attained Mahasamadhi has been preserved here. The headquarters of the worldwide twin organizations known as Ramakrishna Math and Ramakrishna Mission are also situated here

Travel In Kolkata: Armenian Church

Armenian Church is located in Armenian Street, in the north-west corner of Barabazar, near Howrah Bridge in Kolkata. Built in 1764, designed in the early 18th century, the Armenian Church is the oldest extant Church in Kolkata.

The interiors of the Church are decorated with marble, and the overhead gallery contains mural tablets. The altar has a cross, the gospels and 12 candlesticks symbolizing Christ and his Apostles. There is a staircase leading to an overhead gallery whose walls are full of mural tablets.

Three oil paintings representing The Holy Trinity, remains of the Armenian cemetery can be seen in the premises.

Travel In Kolkata: Flower Market of Kolkata

Just below the Howrah Bridge on the banks of Hooghly River at Mallick Ghat a unique more than 125 years old flower market is held every morning. This is the largest wholesale flower market in eastern India. The Ghat was built by Ram Mohun Mallick (son of Nayan Chand) in the year 1855.

The market starts around 4 am in the morning and flower sellers from all the adjacent areas of Kolkata come with different types of flowers. The market is chaotic, filthy and overcrowded, but still a unique experience all together.

This market becomes more lively and vibrant during festive and marriage seasons.Different types of flowers from marigold to lotus and from red rose to yellow roses are easily available here. If Visitors are trying to find out garlands, do not go elsewhere, just come down here at early morning.

Travel In Kolkata: Kumortuli

Kumortuli is a popular locality in Kolkata that is known for it’s traditionally potter quarters. It is one of the unique places to visit in Kolkata and one can discover the core of Indian culture, right from the artistic works of the artisans.

Kumortuli not only supplies clay idols of Hindu gods and goddesses to barowari pujas in Kolkata and its neighborhoods, but a number of idols are exported.

Visitors are visiting the place couple of months before the Durga Puja they can notice the fantastic skeleton works of Goddess Durga Idols. In addition, during Durga Puja Kumortuli boasts of its own Puja, which is one of the oldest Durga Pujas in Kolkata.

Travel In Kolkata: Chinatown Kolkata

Chinatown Kolkata, situated in the eastern part of Kolkata in Tangra and Topsia, is the only Chinatown in the country with the largest number of Chinese inhabitants living in the area. Chinatown has retained its distinctive cultural charm.

The Chinese migrated to India in 18th century itself, in Calcutta. Chinatown is also the cultural centre for most of them. One can rediscover the charms of the Chinese society in Chinatown, with Buddhist temples and an age-old Chinese pastry shop.

This mini Chinatown is reputed to serve authentic Chinese food scrupulously preserved by the Chinese families living in the area for past few generations. The area is dotted with amazing Chinese restaurants and bars. Chinese restaurants offer a mind boggling variety of Chinese cuisine.

Travel In Kolkata: Pareshnath Jain temple

The Pareshnath Jain temple of Kolkata is one of the most revered and holy shrines of the Jains in Kolkata. The temple is known not only for its enthralling beauty but also for its spiritual atmosphere that attracts a lot of faithful devotees.

Along with the interiors, the temple premise is also very scenic with a beautiful garden decorated with blocks of glass mosaics and silver European-styled statues.

The temple is devoted to Pareshnath, who was the 23rd Jain Tirthankar. Besides the Pareshnath Temple, the temple complex also houses four other temples, devoted to four different holy preachers, who are regarded as Avatars by the Jains.

One of the major attractions of the temple is a lamp, which is burning with ghee perpetually inside the sanctum sanctorum, since the inception of the temple in 1867.

Travel In Kolkata: Murshidabad

Best Places To Travel In Kolkata, India
Murshidabad
With its profusion of medieval architecture in the form of palaces, mosques, tombs and gardens, Murshidabad, a district in West Bengal, is a place where the past is very much a living part of the present.

Once the seat of power of the Nawabs of Bengal in the 18th century, it is intimately related to events that ultimately changed the history of India. The Nawab Siraj-ud-Daula lost the Battle of Plassey in 1757 against Clive, the architect of the British Empire in India and gradually power passed into the hands of the British.

Situated on the banks of the Bhagirathi, Murshidabad is also famous for its silk. The attractions of this city are Hazarduari Palace, Nizamat Imambara, Katra Masjid, Nisirpur Royal Palace, Khosh Bagh and Kashim Bazar.

Travel In Kolkata: Nabadwip

Ancient temples, mosques, historic forts and magnificent handicrafts make Nadia District a great tourist destination. Nadia has gained as a tourist destination from the advent of the Bhakti movement and Sri Chaitanya.

Nabadwip, a town in Nadia district and the best town in West Bengal as well, was the capital of Bengal under Ballal Sen and later Lakshman Sen, kings of the Sena Empire, who ruled from 1159 to 1206.

In 1202, Nabadwip was captured by Bakhtiyar Khilji. This victory paved the way for Muslim rule in Bengal. Nabadwip and some other places in Nadia were centres of learning and intellectual prowess. Chaitanyadeb (1486-1533) was born in Nabadwip.

The first school of logic (Tarkashastra) in India was set up on the Navya Nyaya system in Nabadwip, which produced great logicians in the 15th century. It was the place where Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, a major Hindu saint, was born and lived.

The religious atmosphere of Nabadwip is a combination of Baishnaba, Shakta, Buddha, shaiva. The main festival of Nabadwip is "Rash Utsab" (Rasa lila). It is also known as "Pat Purnima" or "Rash Kali Puja" or "Shakta Rash". The varieties of Baishnaba, Shakta, Saiba Pratima (Idols) attracts everyone.

Travel In Kolkata: Mayapur

Sri Mayapur is a treasure house of customs, tradition, art and scenic delights. Situated in the confluence of river Ganges and Jalangi, this Land of the Golden Avatar is located in the Bamanpukur Panchayat, District of Nadia, West Bengal 130 Km from Kolkata Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport and 160 Km Howrah station is a perfect base to experience the serenity and relaxation.

Purifying waters of holy ganges, soul stirring mantra music, lush green gardens, multi cultural society living in harmony.

For the year 2017 more than the 80lakhs tourist / pilgrims including 50000 foreigners visited Sri Mayapur from around the world.Sri Mayapur is the birthplace of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, who started Sankirtan movement 500 years ago.

Srila Prabhupada build the Chandrodaya Mandir in Mayapur and declared it as the Spiritual World Headquarters of ISKCON.Sri Mayapur also attracts 40 different nationals around the world who reside in this holy place to practice Spiritual yoga.

Travel In Kolkata: Chandannagore

Best Places To Travel In Kolkata, India
Chandannagore
Chandannagore Strand is a beautiful tourist spot along the banks of the River Ganges. It is about 1 km in length and 7 m in width, and many buildings with historical importance surround the spot.

This is a place where people love to take a walk and gaze at sailing boats in far waters. This is the best decorated bank of the river, along its entire stretch. A meditation center has also been erected here.

Travel In Kolkata: National Library

Best Places To Travel In Kolkata, India
National Library
The National Library of India on the Belvedere Estate in Alipore, is the largest library in India by volume and India's library of public record. The library with a collection of around 2.2 million books is designated to collect, disseminate and preserve the printed material produced in India.

Travel In Kolkata: Bethuadahari Wildlife Sanctuary

Located 22 kms north at Krishna nagar, on NH 34, the Sanctuary has a satire population of chital, jackal, gharial, porcupine, jungle cat and common langur. Birds are also found in abundance here. There are two popular nature trails within the Park.

Travel In Kolkata: Sutanati Trail

The present Sovabazar Rajbari, a Grade I heritage building built by Raja Naba Krishna Deb is situated at 33R/1A, Raja Naba Krishna Street. Its architecture represents an ensemble of Hindu, Moorish and colonial traditions. Raja Naba Krishna Deb was Lord Clive’s ‘Munshi’ or tutor in Bengali, Persian, as well as the close confidant.

During his lifetime this Rajbari played important role in the cultural and social life of Bengal. The other important places in the trail are Jorasanko Thakurbari on 6B, Dwarakanath Tagore Lane off Rabindra Sarani was the home to the Tagore’s since the end of 18th Century.

The Jorasanko Rajbari of the family of Rajendra Narayan Roy. It has a nice colonnaded front with verandas, terraces fitted with delicate cast-iron grills.

Rajendra Nath Mullick's Residence, turned into a museum situated on 46, Muktaram Babu Street is one of the most elegant palatial nineteenth century mansions in North Kolkata; At the junction of Rabindra Sarani and Madan Mohan Tala Street, this house dates back to 1730s.

The house belonged to Gokul Mitra who acquired the Chandni Chawk Bazar in a lottery in 1784; and Kumartuli is the neighbourhood of artisans specializing in making clay idols of gods and goddesses.

Travel In Kolkata: Ramkrishna

Vivekananda Trail: With intricate designing, this glorious temple, is reflecting a convergence of temple, church and mosque – a perfect integration of multi – religious and multi – cultural esteemed foundation.

The temple enshrined with Sri Sri Ramakrishna is visited by scholars of many fields even from abroad for their profound admiration to this Hindu prophet; The Belur Math, adjacent to Hooghly river banks is blessed with the Holy stay of Swami Vivekananda in two storied house.

Travel In Kolkata: Indian Museum

Best Places To Travel In Kolkata, India
Indian Museum
The Indian Museum is the largest and oldest museum in India and has rare collections of antiques, armour and ornaments, fossils, skeletons, mummies, and Mughal paintings. It was founded by the Asiatic Society of Bengal in Kolkata (Calcutta), India, in 1814.

The founder curator was Dr Nathaniel Wallich, a Danish botanist. It has six sections comprising thirty five galleries of cultural and scientific artifacts namely Art, Archaeology, Anthropology, Geology, Zoology and Economic Botany.

Exhibits of the museum include dinosaur skeletons, replica of the 2nd century BC Barhut Stupa, etc. In the must watch category, we have the 4,000-year-old Egyptian Mummy and the urn that is said to contain the relics of the Buddha.Best time to visit: Winter: October-April

Travel In Kolkata: Digambar Jain Temple

Built in 1914, the Shree Digambar Jain Paraswanath Temple of Kolkata is a very sacred place of worship for the Digambara Jain community.

Digambara is one of the two main sects of Jainism - the other branch is Svetambara. This glorious red temple with its bright red entrance greet the pilgrims to the temple premise, which has four sprawling gardens surrounded by trees, hedges and flowering plants for the visitors to take rest and feel the oneness with nature.

The pilgrims can also feed the hundreds of fish in the fish tank. Inscriptions preaching non-violence and other aspects of Jainism can be found throughout the Stambha.

Travel In Kolkata: Colonial Trail

The Colonial rule in India was started by the European countries like France, Portugal, Denmark, and Dutch in 15th century, later British came to India and emerged as the dominant power in 18th century suppressing dominance of other European countries.

This colonial rule continued till mid 20th century when India finally got independence in 1947. Though colonial rule ended but lots of buildings and other heritage was left behind by these countries which represent the colonial heritage in India.

Talking about colonial heritage of West Bengal most prominent areas representing colonial heritage refers to Chandannagar, Chinsurah, Bandal and Serampore.

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