8 Best Places To Travel In Salamanca, Spain

8 Best Places To Travel In Salamanca, Spain. Salamanca is in the central area of Spain, 212 kilometres from the capital, Madrid. Universal, magnificent, wise, young and golden: this city is an inland destination well worth discovering for many reasons. Its historic centre has been designated a World Heritage Site by the UNESCO.

1| Salamanca University

8 Best Places To Travel In Salamanca, Spain
Salamanca University
Salamanca University was founded in 1218, and gained great prestige outside Spain as a centre for teaching and culture.

The university building has a square floorplan with a central courtyard and surrounding galleries. Its most interesting feature is its Plateresque façade.

The Escuelas Menores buildings stand beside the University and have façades in a similar artistic style, and in one of their classrooms you can still see the ceiling painted by Fernando Gállego.

2| Plaza Mayor square in Salamanca

8 Best Places To Travel In Salamanca, Spain
Plaza Mayor square in Salamanca
One of the most beautiful squares in Spain. It was built in Baroque style according to the plans of Alberto Churriguera. On the north side is the City Hall, a Baroque building that has five granite arches and a steeple decorated with allegoric figures.

In its decoration several medallions stand out, including those of Charles I, Alfonso XI, Ferdinand VI, Cervantes and St. Theresa. The façades of the buildings are three storeys high, with semicircular arches and balustrades. Today, this square is one of the most lively and popular places in Salamanca.

3| Salamanca's Cathedral

8 Best Places To Travel In Salamanca, Spain
New Cathedral of La Asunción de la Virgen
When we speak of the Cathedral of Salamanca in fact we are referring to two churches joined together. First, there is the old cathedral dating from the 12th-13th centuries; and then the new one from the 16th century.

The Old Cathedral is in the Romanesque style with the outstanding Gallo Tower. Inside this temple, the construction of which began at the end of the 12th century, is the San Martín or Oil Chapel. The main reredos, which dates from the 15th century and was created by several painters with Dello Delli at the head, is also worthy of note. The mural painting which covers the vault is the work of Nicolás Florentino.

In this great pictorial work it is possible to see the image of Christ at the Last Judgement. The Old Cathedral attracts the eye of the visitor due to the beautiful tombs of the bishops' and members of the nobility to be found inside.

The New Cathedral, built in the 16th century and completed in the 18th century by Churriguera, houses the image of the Virgin of the Assumption, carved in 1626 by the sculptor Esteban Rueda. The temple's Baroque retrochoir is very beautiful and contains Renaissance images such as that of The Virgin of Loreto and those of Saint John the Baptist.

4| Casa de las Conchas house

8 Best Places To Travel In Salamanca, Spain
Casa de las Conchas house
The House of Shells is in the Gothic style. Its construction was begun at the end of the 15th century, although it also has Renaissance and Mudejar elements. It belongs to what is known as Isabelline art.

This civil building attracts the traveller's attention due to the over three hundred shells which cover its outer walls. In the 18th century it suffered cracks, causing the upper part to be remodelled leaving it without the shells that decorate the rest of the façade.

Its entrance door with a Gothic coat of arms featuring lilies above it is worth mentioning. Today it houses the Salamanca public library and an information office.

5| La Clerecía Building

8 Best Places To Travel In Salamanca, Spain
La Clerecía Building
The construction of this historic building began in the seventeenth century by order of Queen Margarita of Austria, wife of Philip III of Spain, and was directed by Juan Gomez de Mora. It was a church and college of the ecclesiastic order of the Company of Jesus.

The Clerecía Church in Salamanca, originally known as the Royal College of the Company of Jesus, is in Baroque style and is home to a public section - church and school rooms where the Jesuits taught, and a private section, where the monks lived.

The church has an immense, three-floored Baroque cloister. This monument is now the headquarters of Salamanca Pontificia University.

6| Domus Artium 2002

8 Best Places To Travel In Salamanca, Spain
Domus Artium 2002
The Domus Artium 2002 (DA2) was created in 2002, coinciding with Salamanca's designation as European Cultural Capital. The building, which was formerly a prison, was refurbished and expanded. This museum primarily focuses on contemporary art and new technologies.

7| Las Dueñas Convent

8 Best Places To Travel In Salamanca, Spain
Las Dueñas Convent
The Dominican nuns founded the convent in 1419, establishing a Moorish style palace, of which a front with a pointed arch and magnificent tiling. The convent's church was built in the mid-16th century. It consists of a single pointed nave, with a Plateresque façade. Now a convent of Dominican nuns.

8| Unamuno House-Museum

8 Best Places To Travel In Salamanca, Spain
Unamuno House-Museum
The museum has numerous objects and books that belonged to Miguel de Unamuno. Built in the 18th century, this Baroque house was home to the famous writer and philosopher, who was also Dean of Salamanca University for 14 years. Inside you can see furniture, personal items, mementos, books and family objects related with Unamuno, along with his private library.

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