The Attractions of Amphoe Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya

Amphoe Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya has an extraordinary appeal. You can visit it and watch a lot of temples. Here are some of the attractions of Amphoe Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya

Wat Phraram

The Attractions of Amphoe Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya
This monastery was situated outside the grand palace compound to the east. King Ramesuan commanded it built on the ground, where the royal cremation ceremony for his father, King U-Thong, took place. A big lagoon is in front of this monastery. Its original name was “Nong Sano”, it was changed to be “Bueng Phraram” or currently Phraram Public Park. It is open every day from 08.00 a.m.-06.00 p.m. Admission fee is 50 Baht.

Ayutthaya Tourism Centre (ATC)

The center is located at the province’s old city hall established by the Fine Arts Department and developed to be a tourist information center by the Tourism Authority of Thailand (TAT). The high reliefs of 6 great kings and queens from the Ayutthaya Kingdom; namely, King U Thong, King Borommatrailokanat, Queen Suriyothai, King Naresuan the Great, King Narai the Great and King Taksin the Great on the facade of the building remain in their original positions.
  • 1st Floor The right wing in the front serves as TAT’s Tourist Information Centre. Open daily during 08.30 a.m. - 04.30 p.m.
  • 2nd Floor Exhibition on Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya’s tourism presented through a high technological system such as the Computer Touch Screen/Ghost Box. There are 5 sections of the exhibition. Section 1 presents the glorious past of civilization. Section 2 showcases attractions within the province. Section 3 is on its architecture constructed on the basis of religious beliefs about the Three Worlds and cosmology. Section 4 introduces the lifestyle of the people of Ayutthaya. Section 5 concludes the exhibition through a video presentation on “Life in the Historical City of Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya”. Open daily except for Wednesday from 09.00 a.m.–04.00 p.m.

Ayutthaya Historical Study Centre

Located on Rotchana Road, this center is a national research institute devoted to the study of Ayutthaya, especially during the period when Ayutthaya was the capital of Thailand. The Centre is responsible for the museum of the history of Ayutthaya, which exhibits reconstructions from the past.

The Centre also supports an information service and a library containing historical materials about Ayutthaya. The Centre is open Tuesday-Sunday from 09.00 a.m.-04.30 p.m., official holidays from 09.00 a.m.-05.00 p.m. Admission fee is 100 Baht.

Institute of Ayutthaya Studies

Institute of Ayutthaya Studies situated in Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya Rajabhat University, is a complex of buildings in a typical Thai style which was constructed for the purpose of studying, conducting research, and collecting knowledge on Ayutthaya in the areas of history, culture, a way of life and local intellect. There are exhibitions in 5 buildings, including the Ayutthaya Studies Hall, Local Intellect Hall, Cultural Heritage Hall, Rotating Exhibition Hall, and Ceremony Hall. In addition, there are displays, demonstrations, and distribution of OTOP products. The institute opens daily, except on public holidays, at 09.30 a.m.–03.30 p.m.

Japanese Village

Tambon Ko Rian. In the late 16th Century A.D., there were more foreign commercial traders coming to Ayutthaya. Japanese merchandisers were also permitted to sail their junks to trade with foreigners. A number of them came to Ayutthaya and were granted royal permission by the Thai King at that time to settle around the city island of the Ayutthaya Kingdom like the traders of other nationalities. There were more and more Japanese coming to Ayutthaya ever since.

A Japanese headman at that time was Nagamaza Yamada. He was a favorite of King Song Tham and was appointed Okya Senaphimuk before being promoted to be the Ruler of Nakhon Si Thammarat where he lived till the end of his life. A statue of Mr. Nagamaza and an inscription on the historical background of the village in the Ayutthaya period were erected by the Thai-Japanese Association, with a building exhibiting the relations between the Kingdom of Ayutthaya and foreign countries. Open during 08.00 a.m.-05.00 p.m. Admission fee is 50 Baht.

To get there: turn left at the Chedi Wat Sam Pluem Roundabout for approximately 2.5 kilometers via Wat Yai Chai Mongkhon towards Amphoe Bang Pa-in.

Wat Borom Phuttharam

The Attractions of Amphoe Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya
Situated inside Rajabhat University Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya, the north-facing temple was built some time during 1688-1703 during the reign of King Phetracha on his former residence area near the main gate of the southern city wall. Its location and area plan was confined to be in the north-south direction by ancient communication routes; namely, Khlong Cha Krai Noi in the east and a royal pathway known as Thanon Maha Ratthaya or Thanon Pa Tong in the west. Unlike other temples, the king had all buildings roofed with yellow glazed tiles and the temple became known as “Wat Krabueang Khlueap” or the “glazed tile temple”.

The construction took 2 years and the temple underwent a major renovation in the reign of King Borommakot, who had 3 pairs of door panels decorated with fine mother-of-pearl inlays. One pair of them is currently at Ho Phra Monthian Tham inside the Temple of the Emerald Buddha, the second is at Wat Benchamabophit (The Marble Temple), and the third was turned into cabinets and is now exhibited at the Bangkok National Museum.

Chao Sam Phraya National Museum

The Attractions of Amphoe Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya
Located at Tambon Pratu Chai, on Rotchana Road opposite Rajabhat University Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya. The construction of this museum was funded by the proceeds from the sale of votive tablets discovered in the underground crypts of the principal Prang tower of Wat Ratchaburana. Since the temple was built by King Borommarachathirat II (Chao Sam Phraya), the museum was named after him. The opening ceremony of this museum was held in 1961 and was presided over by Their Majesties the King and the Queen. It was the first museum in the country to present a new form of exhibition, displaying not too many objects in an interesting presentation. There are 3 exhibition buildings as follows:

Building I Downstairs exhibits artifacts unearthed from the archaeological excavations as well as restoration of ancient monuments in the province during 1956-1957, including Buddha images of the Dvaravati, Lop Buri and Ayutthaya periods. The ones put on exhibition include an alabaster Buddha image seated in the European style of the Dvaravati period once enshrined in a niche of an old stupa at Wat Phra Men in Nakhon Pathom province.

The images were originally broken in fragments which were taken to different places but eventually retrieved and reconstructed by the Fine Arts Department. This is a priceless Buddha image, as there are only 6 of its kind in the world; 5 in Thailand and 1 in Indonesia. In Thailand, 2 of them are now at Wat Phra Pathom Chedi in Nakhon Pathom, 1 at the Bangkok National Museum in Bangkok, 1 at the Chao Sam Phraya National Museum and 1 at Wat Na Phra Men in Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya. There is also an immense bronze head from a Buddha image of the U Thong period discovered at Wat Thammikarat. This head of the Buddha image indicates how old the temple is as well as how fine the ancient craftsmanship is in casting huge objects. Intricate wood carvings of the Ayutthaya school are exhibited here, as well.

Upstairs Two rooms are allocated for golden items. The room I exhibit golden miniature regalia and ornaments discovered in the crypts of the principal Prang tower of Wat Ratchaburana in 1957, with a highlight being the golden sword known as Phra Saeng Khan Chai Si. The blade of the iron sword has 2 cutting edges cased in a golden sheath decorated with traditional Thai designs inlaid with precious gemstones, and a handle made from quartz crystal.

Room II houses an exhibition of golden offerings discovered in situ in the crypt of the principal Prang tower of Wat Mahathat where a golden reliquary containing the Lord Buddha’s relic was enshrined. The balcony exhibits votive tablets and plaques made of terra-cotta and pewter (an alloy of tin and lead; lined with copper) of the Sukhothai, Lop Buri and Ayutthaya periods, discovered in the crypts of the Prang towers of Wat Ratchaburana, Wat Mahathat, and Wat Phra Ram.

Building II exhibits artifacts and objets d’art of different periods from the 6th-19th century; namely, Dvaravati, Sri Vijaya, Lop Buri, Chiang Saen, Sukhothai, U Thong, Ayutthaya and Rattanakosin for comparative study purposes. Important items include Buddha images in various gestures, Bodhisattva Avalokitesvara, Ganesha, etc.

Building III is a complex of traditional Thai houses of Central Thailand built in the middle of a moat exhibiting household equipment and utensils in the ancient daily life of the Thai people such as pottery, coconut graters, and various basketworks. These folk items reflect the glorious past of the Ayutthaya Kingdom. The museum is open daily from 09.00 a.m.–04.00 p.m. Admission fee is 150 Baht.

To get there: from Bangkok, enter the city of Ayutthaya, cross the King Naresuan the Great Bridge and go straight ahead for 2 junctions, the museum will be on the right.

Khun Phaen House

Khun Phaen’s Thai-style house conforms to descriptions in a popular Thai literary work. Khun Phaen’s house is near Wihan Phra Mongkhon Bophit.

Wihan Phra Mongkhon Bophit

Phra Mongkhon Bophit, a large bronze cast Buddha image, was originally enshrined outside the Grand Palace to the east. King Songtham commanded it to be transferred to the west, where it is currently enshrined and covered with a Mondop. Later in the reign of Phra Chao Suea, the top of the Mondop was burnt down by a fire due to a thunderbolt. Then, the King commanded a new building to be built in the form of a big sanctuary (Maha Wihan) to cover the image in lieu of the former Mondop.

During the second fall of Ayutthaya, the building and the image were badly destroyed by fire, the one currently seen was renovated but does not have as beautiful craftsmanship as the previous ones. The open area east of the Sanctuary (Wihan) was formerly Sanam Luang, where the royal cremation ceremony took place (This practice is now held at Sanam Luang, the Phramen Ground of Bangkok).

Wat Phra Si Sanphet

The Attractions of Amphoe Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya
This important and most outstanding monastery is located in the Grand Palace compound like Wat Phra Si Rattanasatsa daram (Wat Phra Kaeo) of Bangkok. Used as a residential palace, it became a monastery in the reign of King Ramathibodi I. When King Borom Trai Lokanat commanded new living quarters built, this residential palace was given to be a temple area, thus originating Wat Phra Si Sanphet: The royal chapel does not have any monks and novice inhabitants. It is open every day from 8.00 a.m.-6.00 p.m.

Grand Palace

Currently called “Ancient Palace”. The residential palace of every king was located close to the city wall of Ayutthaya. A road passes by from Chantharakasem Palace, which is two Kilometres away to the north. Important buildings inside the Grand Palace compound are:

Wihan Somdet Hall

The top of this hall has been decorated in a unique style of architecture called Prang. It has longer space in front and rear gabled rooms, and shorter space in the side-gabled rooms. It was surrounded with a three-sided cloister and utilized for various royal ceremonies such as coronations. This was the first building over constructed in Ayutthaya to be affixed with gold leaf.

Sanphet Prasat Hall

This is the middle building constructed in the same design as Wihan Somdet Hall. Kings used it to welcome foreign envoys and visitors.

Suriyat Amarin Hall

A four-gabled roof building constructed of sandstone and brick; it is close to the riverside city wall. It was used as a place to witness the royal barge processions.

Chakkrawat Phaichayon Hall

With a three-gabled roof, it is on the inner eastern city wall in front of the Grand Palace. It was used to view processions and military practice.

Trimuk Hall

This is located behind the Sanphet Prasat Hall. It is believed to have been the residential area of the consort members and is also the royal relaxing place in the garden.

Banyong Rattanat Hall

Formerly known by the name of “Phra Thinang Thaisa”, it is located in the back compound of the Grand Palace on an Island in a pond. It has a four-gabled roof architecture.

Remains of the throne halls that are left to be seen at present were constructed in the reign of King Borommatrailokkanat and used to serve as royal residences for all later kings. Open daily during 06.00 a.m.-06.00 p.m. Admission is 50 Baht. A package ticket is also available at 200 Baht, covering admission to temples and museums within the province and valid for 30 days, including Wat Phra Si Sanphet and the Ancient Palace Complex, Wat Mahathat, Wat Maheyong, Wat Ratchaburana, Wat Phra Ram, Wat Chai Wattanaram and Wat Mahe-yong.

King U-Thong Monument

Erected between Bueng Phra Ram and Wat Phra Si Sanphet. The life-size and a half statue cast from bronze and fumigated with the green chemical is standing with a sword in his right hand. He is clad, crowned and bejeweled in a royal costume of the early Ayutthaya period. The monument was opened by His Majesty King Bhumibol on June 24, 1970.

Wat Mahathat

Located in front of the Grand Palace to the east near Pa Than Bridge, it was constructed in the reign of King Borom Rachathirat I. It houses the holy relics of Lord Buddha. Wat Mahathat is open every day from 08.00 a.m.06.00 p.m. Admission fee is 50 Baht.

Wat Ratchaburana

This monastery was located near Pa Than Bridge opposite Wat Mahathat. King Borom Rachathirat II (Chao Sam Phraya) commanded two pagodas built on the ground where Chao Ai and Chao Yi engaged in single hand combat on elephant’s back, and both were killed. Later, he established a Wihan combined with the pagodas and upgraded it to be a monastery. It is open every day from 08.00 a.m.-06.00 p.m. Admission fee is 50 Baht.

Chantharakasem National Museum or Chantharakasem Palace or Front Palace

On the bank of Pasak River, this palace was built during the reign of King Maha Thammaraja, the 17th Ayutthaya monarch, for his son’s residence (King Naresuan, the Great). Like other ruins, the palace was destroyed by the Burmese and left unrepaired for a long time. King Mongkut of the present Chakri dynasty ordered reconstruction of this palace for use as a residence during his occasional visits to Ayutthaya. Some of the more interesting sites are :

Palace Wall and Gate

They were newly constructed by the command of King Rama IV. The original foundation of the palace wall has since been found through excavation, thus revealing that the original area was much more spacious than what is currently seen.

Phlapphla Chatulamuk

This wooden four-gabled roof pavilion is near the east gate of the palace. Originally, a residential place of King Mongkut during his visit to Ayutthaya, it later became the “Chantharakasem National Museum,” under the responsibility of the Fine Arts Department. It is open every day except Mondays, Tuesdays and national holidays from 09.00 a.m.-04.00 p.m. Admission fee is 100 Baht

Phiman Rattaya Hall

A group of buildings located amidst the compound of the palace, which once served as government offices and the Provincial Administrative Building for several years.

Phisai Sanyalak Hall

This is a four-story tower located close to the western side of the Palace. It was originally constructed during the reign of King Narai the Great but was destroyed during the 2nd fall of Ayutthaya. It was reconstructed according to the original foundation in the fourth reign of the present dynasty. King Rama IV used the tower to observe the stars.

The palace is now used as a national museum. It has been decorated for the demonstration of antiques such as Chinaware, ancient weapons, King Rama IV’s personal things for daily life, Buddha images, sculptures and votive tablets of different times. The museum is open every day except Mondays, Tuesdays, and national holidays from 09.00 a.m.04.00 p.m. Admission fee is 100 Baht.

Wat Senasanaram

This ancient monastery named “Wat Suea” is behind Chantharakasem National Museum or Chantharakasem Palace. The main attractions are two Buddha images: Phra Samphuttha Muni, the principal image enshrined in the Ubosot, and Phra In Plaeng enshrined in the Wihan; both were transferred from Vientiane.

Wat Suwan Dararam Ratchaworawihan

The temple is located inside the city wall to the southeast of the town island near Pom Phet. It was formerly known as “Wat Thong” and was constructed by King Rama I’s father since the Ayutthaya period. When King Rama I was crowned as the first king of the Rattanakosin period, he had the temple re-established and renamed it “Wat Suwan Dararam” to suggest his parents’ names.

The temple’s Phra Ubosot-Ordination Hall is of the late Ayutthaya style, is situated on a boat-like concave foundation. Its gable depicts the God Vishnu on his mount Garuda. Inside, there are murals of angels on the upper parts and scenes from the Jataka stories on the lower parts of the side walls. The front wall to which the principal Buddha image is facing depicts the scene of the Buddha Subduing Mara from the life of the Lord Buddha, with the Mother Earth Goddess in the center. Unlike the Phra Ubosot, Phra Wihan-Lecture Hall-does not have a concave foundation and has pillars with a cap of elongated lotus petals. It was built in the reign of King Rama II. Inside, there are fine murals depicting the story of King Naresuan the Great painted in the reign of King Rama VII, which are the prototype of Don Chedi Monument in Suphan Buri.

Thaen Phra Si Maha Pho, a platform with lotus petals decoration supporting the sacred Bodhi tree, the shoot of which was brought from India by King Rama IV. There is a brick belfry of a western style nearby. The 2-tiered square structure with a pointed arch door downstairs and a bell tower upstairs is believed to have been built in the reign of King Rama IV during the major renovation. To get there: use the same route as Chanthara Kasem National Museum, turn right at the T-junction for another 1 kilometer.

City Wall and Fortresses

The city wall originally built by King U Thong was merely a moat-and-mound enclosure with a wall of wooden poles on top. A brick one was built later in the reign of King Maha Chakraphat. According to the Royal Chronicle, a number of fortresses were constructed such as Pom Maha Chai, Pom Sat Kop, Pom Phet, Pom Ho Ratchakhrue and Pom Champa Phon. Large fortresses were built on the meeting points of rivers. Pom Phet on the meeting point of the Chao Phraya and Pa Sak Rivers is now a public park while Pom Maha Chai at the corner of Chanthara Kasem Palace near Hua Ro Market was dismantled in the reign of King Rama I who had the bricks taken to be used in the construction of a new capital in Bangkok.

Somdet Phra Si Nakharin Park

Located on U-Thong Road in the Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya Historical Park area, to the southwest of Ko Mueang, the Park covers a vast stretch of land with plants in Thai literature, a Thai pavilion and remains of ancient monuments. Part of the area is being developed into a herb garden. The Park also houses a monument of Her Royal Highness the Princess Mother. To get there: from Bangkok, upon crossing Naresuan Bridge to enter the city of Ayutthaya, turn left at the T-junction near Rajabhat University Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya, turn right via the provincial hospital and the Park will be on the right.

Wang Lang or the Rear Palace

This palace is located close to the western city wall of Ayutthaya (in the vicinity of the present location of the distillery plant of the Excise Department). It was originally the royal garden where the king made a visit from time to time. There was only one residential building in the entire area. King Maha Thammaracha commanded more buildings to be built in the area to mark it a palace which would be the residence of King Ekathosarot. Later on, this rear palace was only the residence of royal family members, so now no one can see the important items.

Chedi Phra Si Suriyothai

The memorial for the first heroine in Thai history is located in Ko Mueang to the west. Among various places of interest within the Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya Historical Park, this ancient place is of much importance as a proof of honor that ancient Thai society gave to Thai women.

Phra Si Suriyothai was the royal consort of Phra Mahachakkraphat. In 1548, only 7 months after being crowned as king, he was challenged by a Burmese attack under the supervision of Phrachao Tabeng Chaweti and his warlord, Burengnong. The Burmese army intruded into the kingdom through the Three Pagoda Pass in Kanchanaburi and came to set up military camps around the royal compound. During the fighting on elephant back, Phra Mahachakkaraphat faced danger.

Phra Si Suriyothai, clad in a warrior’s suit, interrupted the fighting with the intention to provide assistance for her husband. She rode her elephant in the way of Phrachao Prae, a Burmese commander, and was cut to death by his sword. After the end of the war, Phra Mahachakkraphat arranged a funeral and established the cremation site to be a temple named “Wat Sopsawan”.

In the reign of King Rama V, there was a quest for the historical sites as mentioned in the Royal Chronical. The exact location of Wat Sopsawan was identified with a large indented stupa which was renamed by King Rama VI as Chedi Phra Si Suriyothai.

In 1990, the government assigned the Fine Arts Department and the National Security Command to restore the chedi, which had deteriorated over time. Fortunately, on May 20, 1990, some antique objects were found such as a white rock crystal Buddha image in the posture of subduing Mara, a chedi replica, and a golden reliquary. These ancient objects were brought to be under the care of the Chao Sam Phraya National Museum.

Si Suriyothai Park

Si Suriyothai Park is located within the area of the Ayutthaya liquor plant adjacent to Chedi Phra Si Suriyothai. There is a common building, a Somdet Phra Si Suriyothai pavilion, a mound with marble Semas (boundary stones of a temple) aged over 400 years where the fragmented parts of Buddha images taken from Wat Phutthaisawan were buried, etc. The Liquor Distillery Organisation, who sponsored the construction of the park, wished to devote all good deeds in transforming the former inner part of the royal compound to all of the late kings who used to live here before. King Rama IX graciously named the park “Suan Si Suriyothai” on May 25, 1989. Then, the park was conferred to Her Majesty Queen Sirikit on the eve of Her 60th birthday anniversary. The park opens daily for the public from 09.00 a.m.-05.00 p.m.

Wat Lokkayasutha

The Attractions of Amphoe Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya
This monastery is over a kilometer behind the Grand Palace adjacent to Wat Worachettharam. Accessible by the road behind the Ancient Palace, passing Wat Worapho and Wat Worachettharam. It has a large reclining Buddha, made of brick and covered with plaster, approximately 42 meters long. Many large hexagonal pillar ruins near the image are believed to be the ruins of the Ubosot.

Wat Kasattrathirat Worawihan

Wat Kasattrathirat Worawihan is the monastery located outside Ko Mueang, opposite Chedi Phra Si Suriyothai, on the bank of the Chao Phraya River. Its former name was Kasattra or Kasattraram. It is an ancient temple of the Ayutthaya period with the main Prang (stupa) as its center.

Wat Chaiwatthanaram

Another monastery that is located on the bank of Chao Phraya River, on the west of the city island. King Prasat Thong commanded it built. The great beauty has been reflected from the main stupa and its satellite stupas along the gallery, an architecture influenced by Khmer. Travelling can be made by river form Chantharakasem National Museum. A long-tailed boat service is available at 300-400 Baht for a round trip, consuming about one hour.

Wat Phutthaisawan

Wat Phutthaisawan is the monastery situated on the river bank opposite Ko Mueang to the south. Travel by car along the route Ayutthaya-Sena to the west of Ko Mueang. After passing the bridge in front of Wat Kasattrathirat, turn left to Wat Chaiwatthanaram. Follow the direction signs, you will find a left turn to Wat Phutthaisawan. This monastery was built in the area where King U-Thong moved to establish his city. The area was first known as Wiang Lek, named after the royal palace of King U-Thong. The most interesting part of Wat Phutthaisawan is the great principal Buddha image; its style is of the early Ayutthaya Period.

Wat Phukhao Thong

Located 2 kilometers northwest of the Grand Palace, this monastery was constructed in the year 1387 during the reign of King Ramesuan.

Somdet Phra Suriyothai Monument

Located on a plain known as Thung Makham Yong on the east bank of the Chao Phraya River at Tambon Ban Mai, approximately 3-4 kilometers to the northeast of the city island of Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya. There is a life-size and a half bronze statue of Queen Suriyothai on the neck of her war elephant as well as another 49 associated sculptures, models of historical events, a huge reservoir and a public park. This plain was once a battlefield for several Thai–Burmese wars in the past. One of the heroic deeds that took place here was Queen Suriyothai’s fight to save her husband, King Maha Chakraphat. She was killed on her elephant’s neck by the King of Burma.

As a historical battlefield of such great significance, a monument of Somdet Phra Suriyothai was constructed under Her Majesty Queen Sirikit’s suggestion. Funding was provided jointly by the government and Thai people. The monument was constructed in honor of Her Majesty the Queen to mark her sixtieth birthday anniversary in 1992.

Elephant Kraal Pavilion

The pavilion, utilized as the royal seat to witness the elephant round-up, is located in Tambon Suan Phrik, 4 kilometers from the city along Highway No. 309. The outlook is a big cage surrounded by logs having, from the front center, fencing lines of 45 degrees spread out to both sides far away into the jungle area. Around the kraal itself, is an earthen wall with bricks to the height of the pillars’top. Behind the kraal and opposite the front fencing line is the pavilion housing the royal seat. The Kraal currently seen was renovated in the year 1988 by the government.

Ayutthaya’s Floating Market

Located at Mu 7, Rojana Road, Tambon Phai Ling. Ayothaya Floating Market has over 200 shops offering goods and food where divided area into 16 zones due to districts in Ayutthaya following: Phra Nakhon Sri Ayutthaya, Tha Ruea, Nakhon Luang, Bang Sai, Bang Ban, Bang Pa-in, Bang Pahan, Phak Hai, Phachi, Lat Bua Luang, Sena, Wang Noi, Bangsai, Uthai, Maha Rat, Ban Phreak. There is also has the tourism activities such as a boat trip around the premises at 20 Baht per person, a 20-minute elephant ride around ancient Wat Mahaeyong at 100 Baht per person and enjoy the village’s elephant shows, Theatrical history: the show has 3 times on Monday-Friday and 4 times on Saturday–Sunday, Open every day during 10.00 a.m.-09.00 p.m.

Wat Na Phramen

The former name of this monastery was Wat Phra Merurachikaram. Located on the bank of Khlong Sabua opposite the Grand Palace, the date of construction is unknown. The Ubosot design is of very old typical Thai style. The most interesting objects are the principal Buddha image, fully decorated in regal attire, and another ancient Buddha image made of black stone in the small Wihan. It is open every day from 08.00 a.m.-06.00 p.m. Admission fee is 20 Baht.

Wat Kudidao

Located in front of the railway station to the east, this old monastery has beautiful work with better craftsmanship than many other temples, but it has deteriorated to a high degree.

Wat Samanakottharam

Located near Wat Kudidao, it was renovated by Chao Phraya Kosa (Lek) and Chao Phraya Kosa (Pan) during the reign of King Narai the Great. The main attraction is a large Prang having an unusual outlook different from the others. It is believed to imitate the design of Chedi Chet Yot of Chiang Mai.

Wat Yai Chaimongkhon or Wat Chao Phraya Thai

This monastery constructed in the reign of King U-Thong is located outside the city to the southeast in the same direction as the railway station; one can see its large pagoda from far away. King Naresuan the Great commanded that the pagoda is built to celebrate the victory of his single-handed combat on the elephant back. He also intended a huge construction to match the large pagoda of Wat Phukhao Thong, and named it “Phra Chedi Chaiyamongkhon”. It is open every day from 08.00 a.m.-06.00 p.m. Admission fee is 20 Baht.

Wat Phananchoeng

This monastery located south of Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya has no record as to its date of construction or the person causing its construction. It existed before Ayutthaya was founded as the capital. The principal image in the Wihan called “Phrachao Phananchoeng” was built in A.D. 1325; it is made of stucco in the attitude of subduing evil; considered beautiful, it is most revered by the inhabitants of Ayutthaya. It is open every day from 08.30 a.m.-05.00 p.m. Admission fee is 20 Baht.

Mu Ban Protuket

Mu Ban Protuket is the Portuguese village located in Tambon Samphao Lom, on the west bank of the Chao Phraya River and to the south of the city. The Portuguese were the first Europeans who traveled to trade with the Ayutthaya Kingdom. In 1511, Al Fonco de Al Buquerq, the Portuguese governor to Asia, dispatched a diplomatic troupe led by Ambassador Mr. Du Arte Fernandes to Ayutthaya during the reign of King Ramathibodi II. After that, some Portuguese came to the kingdom for different purposes: trade, military volunteers in the Ayutthaya army, or on a religious mission. They built a church as the center of their community and to serve religious purposes.

Presently, some traces of former construction have been found at the village site. At the ancient remains of San Petro, a Dominican church, some antique objects were excavated together with human skeletons such as tobacco pipes, coins, and accessories for a religious ceremony.

Wat Tum

Located in Tambon Wat Tum on the bank of Khlong Wat Tum on the Ayutthaya–Ang Thong Road, 6-7 kilometers from Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya. There is no evidence as to when it was constructed and by whom. It is believed to have existed since the Ayothaya period before the establishment of the Kingdom of Ayutthaya and must have once been abandoned after the fall of the Kingdom in 1767, before being renovated in the reign of King Rama I and has resumed a status as a monastic temple ever since. Wat Tum has also served as a temple for a war strategy ceremony for at least 1,000 years presumably since the foundation of Ayutthaya. The temple houses a special Buddha image of which the top part above the forehead can be lifted and the head finial known as Ketumala can be removed. There is a hollow inside the head deep down nearly to the throat containing drops of seeping drinkable clean water that never runs dry. It is a bronze crowned and bejeweled image of the Buddha seated in the gesture of subduing Mara, measuring 87 centimeters in width and 150 centimeters in height. Originally named “Luangpho Thongsuksamrit”, the image is currently called “Luangpho Suk” and is of an unknown origin. The head of the image will be opened on the first day of each month.

Wat Thammikarat

The Attractions of Amphoe Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya
A temple in the Mahanikaya Sect, Wat Thammikarat was formerly known as Wat Mukkharat. When King Sainamphueng had Wat Phananchoeng constructed before the establishment of the Kingdom of Ayutthaya, King Thammikarat-his son, had this temple constructed in an old town called Sangkhaburi. The temple had successively been restored by later kings. In the reign of King Songtham (1610 A.D.), the temple was renovated and a Wihan Luang constructed for sermon hearing. The Wihan Luang once enshrined an enormous bronze head of the Buddha of the U Thong period, now exhibited at the Chao Sam Phraya National Museum.

The temple also houses a Reclining Buddha hall called Wihan Phra Phutthasaiyat built by his queen consort following her to wish made for her daughter’s recovery from an ailment. The Wihan is located to the north of Phra Chedi with a base of 52 surrounding Singha or lions and houses a north-facing reclining Buddha image measuring 12 meters in length, with both feet gilded and inlaid with glass mosaic.

Thai Boat Museum

A private boat museum located opposite to Wat Mahathat, Bang Ian Road, within the same area as the residence of Master Phaithun Khaomala, who has had an affectionate bond with boats and water since his childhood and wishes to preserve this field of folk wisdom for younger generations. The museum building is a large Thai-style teak house with accordion folding partitions, exhibiting models and miniatures of various boats as well as royal barges built with the same techniques as the original ones. Hundreds of them ranging from large ocean liners to small rowing boats are on display, as well as various types of traditional Thai boats that are now rare to be seen on the waterway. Open daily during 08.00 a.m.05.00 p.m.

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