Visit Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya

The ancient city of Ayutthaya or Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya the Thai capital for 417 years, is one of Thailand’s major Attractions. Many ancient ruins and art works can be seen in a city that was founded in 1350 by King U-Thong when the Thais were forced southwards by northern neighbors. During the period of Ayutthaya being the Thai capital, 33 Kings of different dynasties ruled the kingdom until it was sacked by the Burmese in 1767.
Visit Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya
Ayutthaya is 76 kilometers north of Bangkok and boasts numerous magnificent ruins. Such ruins indicate that Ayutthaya was one of Indo-China’s most prosperous cities. Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya Historical Park, a vast stretch of historical site in the heart of Ayutthaya city, has been included in UNESCO’s list of world heritage since 13 December 1991.

There were three palaces in Ayutthaya: Grand Palace, Chantharakasem Palace or the Front Palace, and Wang Lang or the Rear Palace.

In addition, there were many other palaces and buildings for royal visits located outside the city area of Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya, such as Bang Pa-In Palace at Amphoe Bang Pa-in and Nakhon Luang Building at Amphoe Nakhon Luang. Ayutthaya covers 2,556.6 Square Kilometres and is administratively divided into 16 districts (Amphoes). It is conveniently accessible due to good roads and a short distance from Bangkok.

HOW TO GET THERE

By Car

From Bangkok, one can get to Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya by various routes:
  1. Take Highway No. 1 (Phahon Yothin) via Pratu Nam Phra In and turn into Highway No. 32, then turn left to Highway No. 309 to Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya.
  2. Take Highway No. 304 (Chaeng Watthana) or Highway No. 302 (Ngam Wong Wan), turn right onto Highway No. 306 (Tiwanon), cross Nonthaburi or Nuanchawi Bridge to Pathum Thani, continue on Highway No. 3111 (Pathum Thani-Sam Khok-Sena) and turn right at Amphoe Sena into Highway No. 3263 to Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya.
  3. Take Highway No. 306 (Bangkok– Nonthaburi–Pathum Thani), at Pathum Thani Bridge Intersection, turn into Highway No. 347 and 3309 via Bang Sai Royal Folk Arts and Crafts Centre, Amphoe Bang Pa-in, to Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya.
  4. Take Expressway No.9 (Si Rat Expressway) via Nonthaburi-Pathum Thani and down to Highway No. 1 via Bang Sai Royal Folk Arts and Crafts Centre, turn left into Highway No. 3469 towards Bang Pahan and turn right at Worachet Intersection to Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya.

By Bus

There are Standard 1 air-conditioned buses and Standard 2 air-conditioned buses leaving the Bangkok Northern Bus Terminal (Kamphaeng Phet 2 Road) for Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya from 05.30 a.m.–07.00 p.m.

By Train

Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya is accessible by both northbound and northeast bound trains. Leaving Bangkok Railway Station (Hua Lamphong) daily, the trains pass by the province’s Amphoe Bang Pa-in, Amphoe Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya and Amphoe Phachi, where at Ban Phachi Junction the railway lines separate to the North and Northeast. Then, mini-buses can be taken from the railway station into the city.

A Bangkok-Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya train pulled by a steam locomotive is usually provided by the State Railway of Thailand on 3 special occasions every year. The first one is on 26 March which marks the establishment of the State Railway of Thailand and the inauguration day of Thailand’s first railway line between Bangkok-Nakhon Ratchasima in 1890. The second, 23 October-the memorial day of King Rama V, founder of the Thai railways. And the third, 5 December-the birthday of His Majesty King Bhumibol Adulyadej.

By Boat

Travelling by boat to Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya is popular among foreigners since it does not only reveal the beauty as well as lifestyle of the people on both sides of the Chao Phraya River but also reflects the life in history at the time of the Ayutthaya Kingdom when the Chao Phraya River served as a channel of How To Get There in trading with foreign countries.

Cruise to Ayutthaya

The luxurious cruise from Bangkok to the former capital of Ayutthaya is operated by Anantara Tel. 0 2476 0021-2, Chao Phraya Princess Cruise Tel. 0 2860 3700, River Sun Cruise Tel. 0 2266 9316, 0 2266 9125-6.

Transportation in Ayutthaya

From Ayutthaya, mini-buses can be taken from the railway station into the city. Hiring a mini-bus within Ayutthaya costs between 400-500 Baht/day. For traveling between Ayutthaya and Bang Pa-in, mini-buses regularly leave Chao Prom Market, Chao Prom Road starting from 06.00 a.m. The fare is about 30 Baht. The trip takes 50 minutes.

Ayutthaya Itinerary

One day trip In Ayutthaya

07.15 a.m. Leave Bangkok by train from Bangkok Station (Hua Lam Phong) Rama IV Road.
09.00 a.m. Arrive Ayutthaya and visit:
  • Ayutthaya Historical Study Centre
  • Chao Sam Phraya National Museum
  • Wihan Phra Mongkhon Bophit
  • Ancient Palace
  • Wat Na Phramen
  • Wat Mahathat
  • Wat Ratchaburana
12.00 p.m. Lunch at Hua-Ro Market
12.30 p.m. Visit Wat Yai Chai Mongkhon
01.15 p.m. Visit Wat Phananchoeng
02.00 p.m. Leave for Bang Pa-In by mini-bus from Chao Phrom Market
02.50 p.m. Arrive Bang Pa-In and visit:
  • Bang Pa-In Summer Palace
  • Wat Niwet Thamprawat
05.30 p.m. Leave for Bangkok by bus.

Please Note
  • Chao Sam Phraya National Museum opens every day from 09.00 a.m.- 04.00 p.m.
  • The ticket office of Bang Pa-In Palace opens every day from 08.00 a.m.- 03.00 p.m.

Two days and one night In Ayutthaya

1st day

07.00 a.m. Leave Bangkok by bus from the Northern Bus Terminal.
08.00 a.m. Arrive Bang Pa-In and visit:
  • Wat Niwet Thamprawat
  • Bang Pa-In Summer Palace
10.30 a.m. Leave for Amphoe Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya.
12.00 p.m. Visit Wat Phananchoeng
01.00 p.m. Leave for Ayutthaya Historical Study Centre and Chao Sam Phraya National Museum
03.30 p.m. Leave for Wat Chaiwatthanaram

2nd day

08.00 a.m. Visit:
  • Ancient Palace
  • Wat Mahathat
  • Wat Ratchaburana
  • Wat Na Phramen
  • Wihan Phra Mongkhon Bophit
  • Khun Phaen House
12.00 p.m. Lunch in the area and relax at Phra Ram Park
02.30 p.m. Leave for Chantharakasem National Museum
04.00 p.m. Leave for Bangkok
05.30 p.m. Arrive Bangkok

Please Note
  • Tourists who have more time and want to continue their journey to the north and the northeast can take the train directly from Ayutthaya.
  • TAT itself does not operate tours.
  • This itinerary may be adjusted as appropriate.

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